EXCURSIONS

Lycian turkey


Boat Trip

Kalkan is located on one of the most beautiful parts of Turkey's Turquoise Coast and at least one day at sea should definitely be a part of everyone's holiday.
Boat trips can be arranged at the Kalkan harbour for daily and extended trips. Daily boat trips leave the Kalkan harbour around 10 AM.Don't forget your snorkeling gear (can be bought in town).
All these trips include swimstops and Mediterranean Turkish meals are served on board as well,included in the price, drinks are extra. Prices are around 30-40 ytl per person.Fishing trips and romantic moonlight cruises can be arranged also.


Saklikent Gorge

Saklikent is situated near Toros, between Fethiye and Kas. It takes about 45 mins from Kalkan. Situated east of Esençay Valley, Saklikent has not been discovered recently. Villagers living in this region discovered Saklikent almost 20 years ago.
Saklikent Gorge ("Hidden Valley") is the longest and deepest gorge in Turkey - 18 km long and so steep and narrow that the sun does not penetrate the water, leaving it deliciously icy-cold in the summer. Once inside, water-sculpted limestone canyon walls soar above you. Saklikent is a Canyon which is unbelievably beatiful, mystic and fascinating. You can walk one kilometer through water to reach Saklikent.
Remember to dress appropriately - you will get wet, and avoid taking big expensive unwaterproof cameras!
Be sure to bring submersible shoes as you will sometimes be walking in shallow water or mud. However, after a while water goes beyond one’ s height. There start the caves. You can see the sky occasionaly. You feel yourself on a different planet among high rocks. You don’t feel the Mediterranean’s heat in this Canyon.


A total of 16 caves have been discovered in the rocks, whereas prehistoric man encountered this place and used it for shelter.
There is 700m. difference in height between the entrance and the exit of Saklikent. While walking through Saklikent you generally sink deeply into wet clay. On the way you can take a quick shower under small waterfalls.
But it is impossible to reach to the end of the canyon due to the naturel conditions. At the trials up to today, technical teams could reach to the end of the Canyon by the help of security belts. Enterprising locals have set up a series of wooden platforms suspended just a foot or two above the bubbling snow-melt of the Xanthos River. Decked out with Turkish rugs and comfy cushions and shaded by fig trees, they serve freshly-caught trout for lunch or supper and beer cooled by the ice-cold waters. All in all, quite a romantic place!

http://www.saklikentgorge.net


Tlos

Spectacular in the spring with snow on the mountains that stand tall behind the theatre, it's an interesting Lycian site in Asia Minor because of the presence of the Ottoman fortress of "Bloody Ali" (Kanli Ali), a local brigand in addition to the Lycian and Roman remains. The 19th century archaeologist Charles Fellows who rediscovered Tlos, and several other nearby sites, had this to say about the approach to Tlos. The whole ride down this upper valley is beautiful and varies continually; it's scenery, on approaching the bold Greek like situation of the ancient city of Tlos, is strikingly picturesque.

Nice to approach on foot if you feel up to it. A dolmus (local transportation) running along the little road that serves Xanthos and Saklikent can drop you at the bottom of the access road and the 4km hike gives you a feeling for the situation of the city. It's the sort of site you can take in quickly or linger on for an afternoon.


Kas

Kas is situated about 25km to the east of Kalkan along the coast road. The drive takes about 30 mins and you are rewarded with breathtaking scenery. It is worth stopping in Kaputas Beach on the way for some photos.

Kas was originally called Habesos or Habesa in the ancient tongue of Lycia and later was given the name Antiphellos. Kas was founded on the ancient town of Antiphellos and the Lycian style sarcophagus at the beginning of the avenue running down to the port is almost the symbol of this lovely town near Antalya in the Mediterranean region south of Turkey. Antiphellos, which once was a member of the Lycian League, is known to have gained reputation and importance as a port town during the Hellenistic period, sustaining its significance as one of the leading towns during the Roman period as well.


Today's Kas is a coastal town of the Lycians. "Phellos" is the Greek word for "stony place" and this name is very well suited to Kas. It's well preserved rock tombs and theatre are well worth seeing. Kas today is a small and charming coastal resort where many sailing boats anchor in its small marina. Trips to Kekova (the sunken city) are very popular and are a pleasant and interesting experience. There is also a boat service to the Greek island of Meis or castellorizo in greek

In the centre of Kas is a statue of Ataturk, who was the first president the new Republic of Turkey. It has been said that he was one of the most important world leaders of the 20th century and certainly the most decisive figure in modern Turkish history.


Xanthos

Xanthos was the capital city of the Lycian Federation and its greatest city for most of Lycian history. It is very old, dating back to the 8th century BC, but it is possible that the site may have existed during the Bronze Age or during the first centuries of the Iron Age.

The city itself consists of the Lycian acropolis and the parts remaining outside it, as well as the Roman acropolis. The most interesting building is the Roman theatre and the edifices of the theatre's western shoreline. Of these the most famous is the Harpy Monument, which is a family sarcophagus situated on a rock.


Patara archeological site

Patara was the major naval and trading port of Lycia, located at the mouth of the Xanthos River, until it silted up and turned into a malaria-plagued marsh. It was a very wealthy city due to trade and was one of the six principal cities of Lycia.

Following its capture by Alexander the Great, Patara became an important naval base as well. Alexander promised the revenues of four cities, including Patara, to one of his commanders, thus its value at that time was quite clear. During the Roman period, Patara was the judicial seat of the Roman governor, and the city became the capital of both the Lycian and Pamphylian provinces at one time. Patara was frequently called 'the chosen city' and 'the metropolis of the Lycian nation'.




Much of Patara remains undiscovered, buried in the shifting sand, including the famous Temple of Apollo. However, excavations have been going on recently revealing many structures previously hidden by the dunes. Among them, liberated from the many hundreds of truckloads of sand that covered it, is the parliament building where the elected representatives of the Lycian League met.

In its Christian history period Patara became famous for being the city where St. Paul landed and worked during his third missionary passage en-route to Jerusalem. Patara is also known to be the birthplace of St. Nicholas, better known as Santa Claus.


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